Understanding the Akarband document in Karnataka
Understanding the Akarband document in Karnataka

Intro to Akarband - ಅಕರಬಂಧ್

The Akarband is a critical document in Karnataka's land records system. It is primarily a land revenue document providing a brief overview of a land's characteristics. It provides a geometrical representation of the total extent of the property.

This is what the document looks like

What the Akarband document looks like

The Akarband document is pivotal, particularly when the land is being divided or when there is a change in ownership. Its an important document for properties associated with agricultural lands as it gives a complete representation of the the attributes of the land.

Having an Akarband can serve as legal proof (along with other valid documents) proving land ownership and also helping in resolving property disputes and in legal proceedings.

What does it contain?

The Akarband is a land revenue document which contains the complete details of the extent of land. It shows basic information like the particular survey number, hissa number, village and taluk details and total extent of the property.

Additional attributes about the land parcel like the amount of kharab (waste) land, how much of the land can be cultivated are also available.

At the same time it also contains information about the water sources available for the land whether the water comes from government or other irrigation sources is also mentioned.

Lastly it also mentions the current rate per acre and revenue details of the land as well.

In a future post, we will deconstruct the document so that it is clear where these attributes.

Process of Obtaining Akarband

Akarband can be obtained online or by submitting an application to the Village Accountant or Revenue Inspector of the concerned village or taluk.

The application must include the details such as the particular survey number, Hissa number as well as the name of the village or taluk in which the piece of land is located.

Get the Akarband Online

Akarband search on Bhoomi

The Akarband can be obtained online through Bhoomi online portal. There are many government sources available for the document. However, like any other government portal, it will only contain records that have been digitized from the land registry. At the same time the websites are highly unreliable, making it difficult for land owners to access the document.

Landeed also facilitates procurement of the Akarband online for a cost of just Rs 99 - saving the cost of visit to the village or taluk panchayat office. Our trained experts know how to pull the land record for you and we get it done usually in a couple of hours itself.

Akarband on Landeed

You can put in your village name and complete survey number + hissa number. Our team has made it easier to enter your details allowing you to place your request instantly without the need to manually search for the exact village, taluk and district details.

We have built an entire tracking infrastructure allowing you to track the status of your request on our app. We will also send you updates over whatsapp around your document request. Finally you can download and share the document easily through the app as well.

Usefulness in Property Transactions

When it comes to property transactions, the Akarband serves multiple purposes:


It is used to verify the land owner and total extent of the property being transacted.


It is an essential document providing legal clarity around the land and helps in resolving disputes related to land boundaries.


Banks often require the Akarband for sanctioning loans to the land owner against property collateral. As it contains information around land characteristics it will also help in valuing the loan for the mortgagor.


It is a prerequisite document for land registration of sale, purchase, or transfer of property rights as it contains the land revenue assessment details.

Akarband vs RTC (Record of Rights, Tenancy and Crops)

RTC is another important document in Karnataka's land records management system. While the Akarband focuses on the physical aspects of the land, the RTC, also known as the Pahani, offers a broader view of the land's legal and agricultural status. The RTC includes:

- Details of the landowner and land measurement

- The types of crops grown in the last agricultural year.

- The area under cultivation and the type of land.

- Information on mortgages taken

- Tax details and whether any taxes are due.


Akarband vs Survey Map

The survey map, on the other hand, is a graphical representation of the land. It shows the land's shape, size, and location in relation to other properties. The land survey department is responsible for providing these maps and making them available for the public.

While the Akarband provides a written description, the survey map provides a visual representation of the survey mark of measurements, characteristics and zoning and other information provided by the survey department.

In essence, the Akarband is a complementary document to the RTC and the survey map, each serving its unique purpose in land registration, property documentation, land transfer and land records management.

Survey Map


The Akarband is an important document for land transactions across Karnataka. Understanding its importance, knowing the process of obtaining it, and verifying its authenticity are critical steps in ensuring a hassle-free transaction experience.

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